Permanent GNSS network
The National GNSS Network of French research laboratories is one of Résif’s specific actions.
The overall objectives of the Résif-GNSS Specific Action are to:
- federate the French community using precision GNSS for scientific purposes;
- support scientific research using GNSS data;
- optimize the dissemination of all GNSS data and associated metadata in open access to the scientific community;
- ensure that the infrastructure and organization put in place are appropriate to the needs of research and, where necessary, developing them.
The specific Résif-GNSS action is supported by the following members of the Résif consortium:
- The Rénag permanent GNSS National Network (CNRS-Insu National Observation Service)
- The Permanent GNSS Network RGP/IGN (public service)
- The GNSS Network for IGS and Navigation Regina (Cnes-IGN contribution to the International GNSS Service for Geodynamics, IGS)
The specific Résif-GNSS action is open to the integration of other scientific components, such as : :
- The Sonel Coastal Water Level Observing System Sonel (www.sonel.org)
- The permanent GNSS network of the West Indies and Réunion Volobsis (volobsis.ipgp.fr/gnss.php)
Permanent GNSS National Network – Rénag
Firstly, the Rénag is dedicated to scientific research and Earth observation in internal and external geophysics and geodesy. It is in fact the extension of the Regal network, set up in 1997, which focused on the study of the Western Alps. It is now a National Observation Service (SNO) which is part of the Insu’s National Observation Action (ANO) 3 “Geodesy-Gravimetry”. Rénag’s mission is to acquire, conserve and disseminate permanent GNSS data of scientific quality on a long term basis. As such, it benefits from the financial support of CNRS-Insu and the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation. It is one of the major components of Résif. 19 French research teams are actively involved in the construction and maintenance of the observation system, data acquisition, public dissemination, conservation (via the Rénag data centre) and scientific exploitation.
The Rénag has 83 operational stations spread over the metropolitan territory. The Orphéon network has 180 permanent stations. The Renag data center distributes a total of 3.25 TB of data (February 2021 figures).
The Permanent National GNSS Network in 2019 (News Résif 2019-10-14)
Domain : GNSS
Instrumentation : Permanent
Steering : Oreme, Montpellier
Membrers : Osug, Eost, Oreme, OCA, OMP, OPGC, Osur, OSU Theta, CNES, CEA-LDG, GeP-ESGT, IRSN, SGM-IGN, Lareg-IGN, LIENSs-ULR, ENS, DT-INSU
Contact : Philippe Vernant, Geosciences Montpellier/Oreme
Permanent GNSS Network – RGP
This network was originally built to serve as a reference for precise differential positioning calculations during topographic surveys. It is the official means of access to national coordinate reference RGF93.
History of the network (in french)
The permanent network (RGP), federated by the National Institute of Geographic and Forestry Information (IGN) had 460 stations on the French territory. Its data center also collects data from 57 stations of the Rénag and Regina networks and provides a total of more than 25 TB of data (February 2021 figures).
GNSS network for IGS and navigation – Regina
Regina (GNSS Network for IGS and NAvigation) is one of the science-based GNSS networks associated with the Resive Initiative. It is a GNSS network with global coverage co-managed by Cnes and IGN. It constitutes the major part of France’s contribution to the IGS (International GNSS Service).
The Regina project (GNSS Network for the IGS and NAvigation) is the result of a collaboration between Cnes and IGN set up in 2012.
The Regina infrastructure is based on a global network of GNSS stations equipped with receivers capable of acquiring signals from current and future navigation systems (in particular GPS, Glonass, Galileo, Beidou and the various SBAS) and providing data streams in real time (TR) and delayed time (TD). The deployment of the network is managed and implemented in collaboration with many host agencies at sites covering as much of the world as possible. Sites are chosen as far as possible to ensure the co-location of several spatial geodesy measurement techniques such as DORIS to participate in the creation of the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS).
Regina aims to make navigation data complying with the latest standards readily availabile for the scientific community. A modern mission centre which monitors station network and works on data processing and dissemination has been operational since June 2016.
Regina is composed of 37 stations, including 5 located on the French territory that contribute to Resif (February 2021 figures).
Domain : GNSS
Instrumentation : Permanente
Steering : Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (Cnes), Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière (IGN)
Members : Cnes, IGN
Contacts : JP Cardaliaguet (Cnes), Laurent Jolivet (Cnes), Sébastien Saur (IGN), Charles Velut (IGN)
MAYG station of the Regina network, located on Mayotte french island. Operational since may 2020, it is managed by the Cnes. Read more.
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